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2018年成考专升本英语模拟试题(十一)

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Part two Reading and Comprehension (40 points)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the best and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line throw the center.

Passage one

As world population becomes denser, we will feel greater pressure from the expanding number of people. Some experts argue that we are approaching the limit of the number of people the earth can support adequately, and they feel we should turn to compulsory birth control. Other authorities feel that if birth control is imposed on the population, the future of mankind would be seriously jeopardized (危害). They think that very intelligent people would be more likely to have fewer children and this would bring about a lowering of the general level of intelligence in the population as a whole. However, some critics see a fallacy in this argument. In addition to genetics, they say, intelligence depends on an adequate diet, a good home environment, parental attention, and education--- all of which are increasing in the world as the general population becomes more affluent.

16. Some people think birth control is _____.

A. too strict B. not a workable idea

C. dangerous D. only for religious people

17. Critics say intelligence is based on _____ .

A. a good home environment B. adequate

C. genetics D. all of the above

18. The word “fallacy” probably means ____.

A. False idea B. Different idea

C. Unique idea D. Dangerous idea

19. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. The whole world is faced with the problem of increasing population.

B. Some scientists argued that birth control can affect the level of intelligence

C. Genetics is one of the main factors to intelligence

D. Food, family attention and education have nothing to do with intelligence

20. What is this passage mainly about?

A. Birth control B. How to develop intelligence

C. Population and intelligence D. The importance of genetics



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